All But Dissertation Masters All But Dissertation Masters What Is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What Does ALL BUT DISSERTATION Mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION Meaning

All But Dissertation? A Great New Option For Doctoral ...

What Is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What Does ALL BUT DISSERTATION Mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION Meaning

Personal Statement Writing Help. Essay, Term paper, Article review.| Professional and skilled writers are here to provide you with a quality assistance with What Is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What Does ALL BUT DISSERTATION Mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION Meaning
Rating Star 3 / 5 - 5 ( 13059)

Log in to rate this item

>>> Posted by Admin - 4/7/2018 - 41126 Comments

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    Writing a Master’s Dissertation + MY GRADE! ✅

    Writing a Master’s Dissertation + MY GRADE! ✅

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    all but thesis masters

    all but thesis masters

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    Writing an abstract for Honours and Masters theses and dissertations

    Writing an abstract for Honours and Masters theses and dissertations

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    How I Completed My Dissertation in 20-mins a Day

    How I Completed My Dissertation in 20-mins a Day

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    My Master Thesis Presentation and Defense

    My Master Thesis Presentation and Defense

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    What does all but dissertation mean?

    What does all but dissertation mean?

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    Col (R) Russ Barnes PhD (ABD), MBA, MS, DTM of the business strategy firm Systro

    Col (R) Russ Barnes PhD (ABD), MBA, MS, DTM of the business strategy firm Systro

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    The Perfect Defense: The Oral Defense of a Dissertation

    The Perfect Defense: The Oral Defense of a Dissertation

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    MSc and PhD Thesis Structure

    MSc and PhD Thesis Structure

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    Beth Karlin Ph.D. Thesis Defense

    Beth Karlin Ph.D. Thesis Defense

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    10 tips for writing your dissertation ThatQuirkyGirl

    10 tips for writing your dissertation ThatQuirkyGirl

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    PhD Dissertation Proposal Defense Marissa Nichols UNLV Educational Psychology & Higher Education

    PhD Dissertation Proposal Defense Marissa Nichols UNLV Educational Psychology & Higher Education

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    How To Defend Your Thesis? Top 10 Tips For Success

    How To Defend Your Thesis? Top 10 Tips For Success

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    How to Finish Your Thesis in 3 Months

    How to Finish Your Thesis in 3 Months

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    MA History dissertations

    MA History dissertations

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    The Perfect Proposal

    The Perfect Proposal

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    All About My Master's Degree in London 🎓 MSc Management at UCL

    All About My Master's Degree in London 🎓 MSc Management at UCL

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

    ABD (All But Dissertation) From A Religious Perspective

    ABD (All But Dissertation) From A Religious Perspective

    What is ALL BUT DISSERTATION? What does ALL BUT DISSERTATION mean? ALL BUT DISSERTATION meaning - ALL BUT DISSERTATION definition - ALL BUT DISSERTATION explanation.SUBSCRIBE to our Google Earth flights channel - Wikipedia.org article, adapted under license."All but dissertation" (ABD) is a term identifying a stage in the process of obtaining a research doctorate in the United StatesIn typical usage of the term, the ABD student has completed the required preparatory coursework, and passed any required preliminary and comprehensive examinations, but has not completed the research requirements, typically including the writing and defense of a dissertation. A student attaining this level may be granted a formal Candidate in Philosophy degree or status at a few institutions. Some universities, including Columbia, Yale and George Washington, may award a formal Master of Philosophy (M.Phil. or MPhil) degree for these achievements. In some universities, All But Dissertation is a formal status.The use of ABD, or the similar PhD(c) for PhD candidate (also PhD-c or PhDc), as a credential has been condemned as potentially misleading by some writers as the terms are not widely understood outside of academia, or indeed outside of the USA.

Professional and skilled writers are here to provide you with a quality assistance with All But Dissertation Masters All But Dissertation Masters

Through an all-but-dissertation program, you can finally finish your dissertation and earn your doctoral degree. Only about 56% of people who start a doctoral degree program earn their doctorate or PhD within 10 years.* Blacks in america today essay introduction to dissertation kit how to start an argumentative essay on gun control hmcg research papers all but dissertation cmu email. Discrimination uk essays why my school is the best essay social reconstructionism philosophy essay how to write a good intro for argumentative essay (essay on friendship in . Thesis of a descriptive essay typing a research paper xp, essay about biodiversity loss graph essay on different pet animals list film analysis essay on psycho dark knight action scene analysis essays essay on my last day at school with quotations about teachers master dissertation cover page youth against corruption essay in english. Shawshank . All But Dissertation or A.B.D. is the period between finishing your doctoral course work and finally being handed your doctoral degree. All but dissertation status means you’ve completed all doctoral requirements except the dissertation. The first student had delayed writing for a decade or so due to family commitments but kept in regular touch with faculty, refreshed the theory and data of the dissertation, reconstituted a committee, submitted the dissertation, and graduated. The Graduate Theological Foundation offers A.B.D. status individuals a degree completion program to earn the Doctor of Philosophy degree. All But Dissertation-level individuals must meet rigorous admissions standards in order to pursue the Ph.D. at the Foundation. Procedures for "All But Dissertation"(ABD) The student interested in transferring to an AU doctoral program, should discuss with the graduate program director for the desired program the feasibility of their request and the AU eligibility requirements. Not all Ph.D. dropouts advance to the dissertation stage before they leave—but since the project’s charts start leveling out around Year 8 (the dissertation begins in Year 3 or 4), it’s safe . Academe shuns the many doctoral students who are “all but dissertation.” Jill Yesko proposes another way that would help them and institutions alike: the Certificate of Doctoral Completion. ABD and ABT. ABD : ALL BUT DISSERTATION ABT : ALL BUT THESIS RATIONALE & EXPLANATION: ABD means ALL BUT DISSERTATION (just as ABT means ALL BUT THESIS) and it is one of the saddest terms in the academic lexicon.